Warriors (I)

This is part I on the role of the Warrior caste in a Traditional Society. Here Guido De Giorgio describes the role of the warrior caste and its relationship to the priestly caste.

In the active life, they are the bearers of power and therefore constitute the second caste of traditional society whose duty is the maintenance of activity guided by virtue. We say power only in the arena of the active life because in the contemplative life, true power is manifested in its highest reality, from the invisible to the visible, from the divine to the human, and thus represents the supreme authority that belongs to the priestly caste. Power in the active life is realized by giving a sacred character to every manifestation;

Please find the rest of the text on Gornahoor.

The Kind Heart

In Insights into Christian Esoterism Rene Guenon points out that the traditional significance of the heart refers to the intellect and not to feelings. This is one of the clues to unlocking the secret language of Dante of the Divine Comedy.

The cuore gentile [kind heart] of the Fedeli d’Amore is the heart purified, that is, devoid of all that concerns worldly objects, and by this very fact made ready to receive interior illumination. It is remarkable that an identical doctrine is found in Taoism.

What is also remarkable is that an identical doctrine is found in Meditations on the Tarot. On the Bateleur, Valentin Tomberg writes:

The first Arcanum, the underlying principle of the other 21 Major Arcana of the Tarot, is that of the connection between personal effort and spiritual reality. It holds the first place in the series because if one does not understand it (i.e., grasped in cognitive and realized practical experience), one will not know what to do with all the other arcana. For it is the Bateleur who is called to reveal the practical method relating to all the arcana.

So here are the two terms in the connection.

  1. Personal Effort: the heart purified.
  2. Spiritiual Reality: interior illumination.

We can immediately see the connection between the practice of the Fedeli d’Amore and the first two arcana. In the second Arcana of the High Priestess, where we learn to clarify the soul as was pointed out in The Word is made Flesh. So for Dante, the personal effort of purifying the heart makes it ready to receive the interior illumination of the spirit.

The Second Precept of Love

This passage is taken from Dio e il Poeta by Guido de Giorgio. Julius Evola asserted that De Giorgio followed a Vedantized Christianity; this is immediately apparent in his description of the world as the “play of God, which has its exact analogue in the idea of lila in Hinduism. Readers will also recognize the influence of Rene Guenon‘s Multiple States of Being, as shown in the topics of the Infinite, Possibility, or multiple worlds. Then again, Guenon claimed only to be explicating the metaphysics of the Vedanta. Yet, De Giorgio does not approach that text as a logical exercise, but rather as “one who knows”.

Finally, there is the profound influence of St. Thomas Aquinas and, of course, Dante. Much of the vocabulary, which cannot come across in a translation, is archaic, originating from Dante’s time. There are several references to The Divine Comedy, which I have provided whenever I could recognize them. The Comedy is more than a poem, it is a detailed text for initiates. It seems to us that De Giorgio followed the path outlined, climbing the seven storey mountain of Purgatory, and saw the world from that height.

It is tied to the first, and subordinated to the first, ancillarily, but in the purely religious meaning in which this term must be used, as profound comprehension of the divine drama, of creation, that, divine and non-human, refers to that which, coming from God, returns to God, as a “restitution” which becomes a “gift”, a gift of love. The world is the fruit and the work of divine love which multiplies itself, remaining one, gives itself because given to Him, offers itself because offered to Him, breaks itself, shatters itself, apparently because every part, every fraction, purely apparent, comes back in the All, from which it separated itself as pure “play”. The world is God’s “play”, removing from this word any frivolous, human limitation whatsoever, in the special, precise sense that, e.g., St. Thomas gives it, when he speaks of contemplation, in the Latin word “ludus”. The world is the “mirror” of God, the crystal in which the Unity contemplates himself and, contemplating himself, pluralizes himself, multiplies himself, still remaining One, because he cannot not be One while being One, like a fire of a thousand sparks each one of which is fire but not the fire, since every relation with God is unilateral, not double, not reciprocal, God alone being God and what has life from God, has being, not being able to be God, if God is God, “for the contradiction does not allow it”. [Inferno, XXVII]

The world is “imprinted” by God in the sense that God, while passing, creates, and the created reflects Him, it is His footprint, nor can it be considered otherwise than in relation to Him, without which nothing would be, it is obvious, because the trace is a sign, a sign that indicates the Giver, the Donor, the One who imprinted it, stamped it, engraved it. One could not speak of God without the world, although God is without the world, beyond all possible worlds, for the simple reason that He cannot exhaust Himself in creation which is His work, nor limit Himself to it, why His power is always “in infinite excess” [Paradise, XIX] in the ambit of created things and since this “excess” is infinite, it is understood without difficulty, that which we call “everything” created, is, ontologically, nothing in the face of He who created it.

If we call the “world” the visible, it is clear that is cannot reflect God who, by definition, by necessity, by absoluteness, is invisible, that not removing, however, what is visible, insofar as it is visible, it is also the sign, imprint, mirror, reflection of the invisible, and that the visible breaks itself, shatters itself indefinitely (a multitude of beings) because it cannot contain the invisible. The creaturely multiplicity is the indication of this impotency, as numerical indefiniteness is the indication of the infinity of unity, without which it could not offer itself, although no number of the series entirely reflects the unity that is in everything and in none of them.

God as God must create the world, without which He would not be God, or, at least, He would not be known and therefore loved as God, but if God is the Invisible, it is also necessary that he is God outside and beyond the world, outside and beyond creation, which is one of his possibilities but not all of his Possibility that must be infinite as He himself is infinite. His “infinite excess”…

Manifestly, therefore, everything originating from Him, each thing should return to Him, and in fact, does return to him, must return to Him, but each thing, as every creature, through its way and manner, or “diversimode” [diverse modes, Latin] as St. Thomas would say, by levels of integration. Among all creatures, there is man, who has his mystery which corresponds to the Mystery of the Incarnation, the descent for the ascent, and this mystery can determined in a certain manner saying that man can “take up again” all the work of God, in a syn-thesis, i.e., in a com-position, in the universality of understanding, of prehension as the eye which embraces an entire horizon in a unitary vision, uniting the multiplicity, joining the separated, but it is necessary, however, that he has a third eye in the middle of the forehead in which the two eyes are “centered”, to resolve the duality in unity, since the two is limitation, it is a throwback, and must result in the three.

The privilege of man, therefore, is this, to be able to return to God, freely and totally because he alone, among all creatures, has the option, the choice, to remain in creation, or return to the Creator, taking up all creation, capitulatim [summarily, Latin] in the unity. This is the true, the great dignity of man that he owes to the faculty that, only in him, embraces not only what appears (the visible, the world), but that which is, God. This faculty is the intellect, not reason which, visibly, cannot pass beyond the visible domain of quantity, the world, creation.

Woman

The following passage is from Guido de Giorgio, and is translated from Aforismi e Poesie (Archè, Milano, 1999).

Woman has sovereignty of love that man does not know, because she is receptive, and virgin, and mother, and, yes, naturally, Eve, but supernaturally she is Maria, and these two symbols of Fall and Resurrection are alternated in her bosom, lowering her and raising her up, making of her the guaranty [arra] of death and of life, of becoming like a beast and of the mystical union with God.

And this is the true mystery of woman, the ambiguity of Eve-Maria, flesh which is made spirit and spirit which is made flesh: in this double alternation, there is a secret that man does not know and that dismays him. Infinitely more free, more spontaneous, more decisive than man, the woman seems to surpass him in what man lacks, receptivity, but is surpassed by man in innocence, a childlike conscience, and spiritual clarity. When sex becomes unitary – in mysticism, in the saint – we can no longer speak of the antithesis because then Eve is no longer Eve, but Maria, Maria mother of the Christ through the work of the Spirit of God who inundates her with wisdom …

The Word is Silence Expressed

Major Arcanum 1

The Multiple States of the Being is Rene Guenon‘s fundamental work on metaphysics. In it he explains that “just as Unity (Being) is nothing but the metaphysical Zero (Non-Being) affirmed, the word is silence expressed.” That is, Silence contains within itself the possibility of the Word.

But the Silence is more than the word. The latter is silence expressed, but Silence must needs include as well the inexpressible. Hence, Silence is related to mystery, which refers to something inexpressible, not incomprehensible (which is a common misconception). The implication here is that the understanding of a mystery requires intuition, a direct knowing of the inexpressible; what can be expressed can, on the other hand, be known through discursive thought.

Guenon makes some interesting etymological connections. The Greek mysterion derives from myein which means “to be silent”. The same root mu in Latin is used in mutus, “mute”, but more significantly in the word mythos, “myth”. So a myth refers to that which is inexpressible, that is, something that can only be expressed indirectly by means of symbolic representations.

In Meditations on the Tarot, this Silence is related to concentration without effort. To know this Silence is to be this Silence. That is, the discursive mind is quieted of its thoughts, images, desires. This is a concentration, not of something, but the effortless concentration of the Silence. We read there:

Concentration without effort, which means there is nothing to suppress and where contemplation becomes as natural as breathing and the beating of the heart, is the state of consciousness — of the intellect, the imagination, the feelings, and the will — a state of perfect calm, accompanied by the complete relaxation of the nerves and muscles of the body. It is the deep silence of desires, concerns, imagination, memory, and discursive thought. We would say that the entire being has become like the surface of calm waters reflecting the immense presence of the starry sky and its inexpressible harmony. And the waters are deep, oh how deep! And the silence increases, always increasing, what SILENCE! Its growth takes place in regular waves which pass, one after the other, through your being: one wave of silence followed by another wave of deeper silence, then yet another wave of even deeper silence … Have you ever drunk the silence. If so, you know what concentration without effort it.